CMO Annual Report 2020- 2021

75 Chief Medical Officer for Scotland Annual Report 2020 -2021 114. Scottish Government. Response to recommendations of the Expert Reference Group on COVID-19 and Ethnicity. 2020. Available from: 19-and-ethnicity-letter-from-the-minister-for-older-people-and-equalities---november-2020 [Accessed 13th February 2021] 115. General Medical Council. National Training Survey: summary of results. October 2020. Available from: pdf. [Accessed 13th February 2021] 116. Gomez LE, Bernet P. Diversity improves performance and outcomes. J Natl Med Assoc. 2019; 111(4): 383- 392 117. IPCC. Summary for Policymakers. In: Global Warming of 1.5°C. An IPCC Special Report. Geneva, Switzerland : World Meteorological Organization, 2018 118. IPBES. Summary for policymakers of the global assessment report on biodiversity and ecosystem services of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. Bonn, Germany : IPBES secretariat, 2019 119. Haines A, Elbi KL, Smith KR, Woodward A. Health risks of climate change: act now or pay later. Lancet. 2014; Vol. 384, pp. 1073-5 120. World Health Organization. “Ambient air pollution: A global assessment of exposure and burden of disease.” 2016 121. Barton H, Grant M. A health map for the local human habitat. The Journal for the Royal Society for the Promotion of Health. 2006;126: 252-253 122. Costello A, Abbas M, Allen A, Ball S et al. Managing the health effects of climate change: Lancet and University College London Institute for Global Health Commission. The Lancet. 2009; 373: 1693-1733 123. European Environment Agency. COVID-19 and Europe’s environment: impacts of a global pandemic. November 2020. Available from: at_download/file [Accessed on 23rd December 2020] 124. Arora, S, Bhaukhandi K.D, and Mishra, P.K. Coronavirus lockdown helped the environment to bounce back. Science of The Total Environment. 2020; p.140573. 125. World Meteorological Organisation. Greenhouse Gas Bulletin. November 2020. Available from https:// [Accessed on 23rd December 2020] 126. Health Care Without Harm and ARUP. Health Care’s Climate Footprint: How the health sector contributes to the global climate crisis and opportunities for action. 2019. Available from: content/global/health-care-climate-footprint-report [Accessed 19th February 2021] 127. Watts N, Adger WN, Agnolucci P, Blackstock J et al. Health and climate change: policy responses to protect public health. The Lancet. 2015; Vol. 386, pp. 1861-1914 128. General Medical Council. Outcome for Graduates. 2018. Available from: education/standards-guidance-and-curricula/standards-and-outcomes/outcomes-for-graduates [Accessed 23rd December 2020]